top of page
ROV Manipulators

Information Hub -  
ROV Manipulator Arms
Guide  

Guide to ROV Manipulator Arms and Their Actuation Systems

In the vast expanses of our oceans and subaqueous environments, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) have become indispensable. Serving as the eyes, ears, and hands of human operators, ROVs venture into depths where humans cannot reach. Central to the functionality of these machines is the ROV manipulator arm, a feat of engineering that facilitates diverse undersea operations. This guide offers an in-depth exploration of the ROV manipulator arm, from its essential components and functionalities to the cutting-edge technologies powering its movement.

1. Introduction to the ROV Manipulator Arm
An ROV manipulator arm mimics the functions of a human arm and hand, enabling a multitude of tasks. These range from the delicate retrieval of marine specimens to the operation of intricate tools and execution of complex underwater maneuvers. Their significance spans sectors like oil and gas, marine research, and underwater archaeology.

2. Key Components of an ROV Manipulator Arm:

  • Joints & Links: Emulating the human arm, manipulators boast joints and links. The number of joints determines the degrees of freedom (DoF) and, by extension, the versatility of its movements.

  • End Effectors: Situated at the tip of the arm, they're analogous to a human hand. They vary from grippers and cutters to cameras, tailored to the task at hand.

  • Actuators: These are the driving force behind the arm's movements. The actuation can either be hydraulic, leveraging fluid power, or electric, utilizing motors.

  • Sensors: They relay vital feedback to operators, spanning parameters like position, force, and temperature. Contemporary arms even possess sensors gauging factors like electrical conductivity and pH.


3. Selection Considerations for ROV Manipulator Arms:
Task Requirement: The intricacy of tasks dictates the choice. High DoF manipulators cater to complex operations, while simpler activities might demand fewer DoFs.
Depth: The manipulator should withstand the depth of operation.
Payload: Factor in the weight and dimensions of objects the arm will manipulate.
Environmental Factors: Assess the potential challenges like currents, visibility, and saltwater corrosion.

4. Advancements in ROV Manipulator Arms:
Smart Sensing: Modern sensors enable ROVs to interact more intuitively with their surroundings. Force-torque sensors, for example, facilitate nuanced operations, ensuring no undue force application.
Haptic Feedback: This innovation offers tactile sensations to operators, conveying the feel of objects the arm interacts with.
Machine Learning & AI: The merger with AI means ROVs evolve with every task, optimizing their efficacy over time.
Modular Design: Modularity ensures flexibility, allowing ROVs to interchange tools based on the mission's demands.

5. Delving into Actuation: Electric and Hydraulic Manipulator Arms
ROV manipulator arms have undergone transformative advancements. At their core lie the actuation systems, predominantly electric and hydraulic, each boasting distinct features:

  • Electric Manipulator Arms:

    • Precision Control: Renowned for exactness, electric actuators facilitate delicate operations.

    • Integration Ease: Being electronically inclined, they integrate seamlessly with ROV electronics.

    • Compact Design: Their design is notably compact, ideal for space-constrained applications.

    • Energy Efficiency: Under certain conditions, they offer remarkable energy conservation.

    • Operational Quietness: Their silent operation minimizes marine disturbances.

  • Hydraulic Manipulator Arms:

    • High Power Output: Their power delivery is unparalleled, apt for intensive marine operations.

    • Consistent Operation: Their hallmark is sustained force or speed, invaluable in consistent operations.

    • Design Flexibility: Their flexible routing options offer extensive design possibilities.

    • Resilience in Extreme Conditions: They excel under pressure, apt for deep-sea missions.

    • Longevity: When maintained well, their operational life is impressive.


6. Maintenance and Troubleshooting:
Maintaining these arms ensures their longevity:

  • Regular Inspections: Regularly assess for signs of wear, focusing on joints and end effectors.

  • Cleaning: Regular cleaning prevents salt deposits and marine growth.

  • Lubrication: Moving parts, particularly in hydraulic systems, demand lubrication.

  • Software Updates: Regularly update the arm's control software.

Encountering issues? Always refer to the provided manuals and, if needed, consult the experts.

7. Glimpsing into the Future:
We're steering towards more automation. Anticipate semi-autonomous arms in the future, and the integration of augmented reality (AR) will provide enhanced visual feedback, making the operator experience richer.

ROV manipulator arms epitomize the synergy of engineering and technology, endowing human-like dexterity to the challenging marine milieu. With evolving underwater demands, these arms will continuously adapt. By grasping their functionalities and the latest innovations, and ensuring meticulous maintenance, operators can maximize performance and outcomes.
Remember, this guide serves as a foundational overview. For specific tasks or purchase advice, consultation with one of our specialist's is paramount.

If you would like to know more, please drop us a line and we can review your requirements for an ROV Manipulator and work on a solution together.

Any questions?

Feel free to drop us a message if you have any questions or enquiries

bottom of page